There is a certain gap in the rise of the hottest

2022-09-21
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There is a certain gap in the rise of "made in China" cranes

with the rapid development of China's large-scale infrastructure construction, energy industry, real estate industry, petrochemical industry, shipbuilding industry and other industries in recent years, the development of China's heavy machinery manufacturing industry such as cranes has been greatly promoted, including Sany Heavy Industry, Zoomlion Heavy Industry, Xuzhou heavy industry, Shanghai Zhenhua, Dalian heavy industry With the rise of Taiyuan Heavy Industry and other excellent heavy machinery manufacturing enterprises, China's crane industry is increasingly becoming one of the world's crane manufacturing powers

crane: "made in China" is rising

the international crane manufacturing industry has a development history of hundreds of years. The main production countries are Germany, the United States, Japan, France, Italy and so on. There are more than 10 top companies in the world, and the world market is mainly concentrated in North America, Europe and Asia

as the birthplace of cranes, Europe has the highest production technology level of wheeled cranes. The most famous production enterprises include Liebherr, Demark, sennebergen, German grove, etc; The United States is not only a major country producing cranes, but also one of the largest world markets, with an annual market demand of US $60billion. The main manufacturer is manitowac company, which is characterized by advanced technology, high performance and high reliability. Its products are mainly sold to the Americas and the Asia Pacific Region; Since the 1970s, Japan has become a major manufacturer of Engineering cranes. Its products are characterized by their technical level, performance and reliability, which are second only to Europe and the United States. 40% of its products are exported to the European and American markets. It has become one of the major countries in the world to manufacture cranes. The representative enterprises are TADANO, Kato, Kobe Steel, Hitachi, Komatsu, etc

Since the 1980s, on the basis of fully absorbing the current mechanical technology of foreign advanced cranes, China has begun to introduce and digest foreign technology, and the localization of lifting machinery products and key parts has become the mainstream of technological development

after years of development, Chinese lifting machinery enterprises have been able to carry out independent innovation on existing technologies and develop various products in application fields such as personalized construction machinery and road machinery that meet the needs of domestic and foreign markets. Up to now, there are more than 1000 kinds of products in China's hoisting machinery industry, and new hoisting machinery and equipment are constantly coming out

according to the National Bureau of statistics, in 2011, there were 758 Enterprises above Designated Size in China's crane manufacturing industry; The annual sales volume was 189.411 billion yuan, the total profit was 13.694 billion yuan, the asset scale was 155.48 billion yuan, and the product sales profit was 23.109 billion yuan. Among them, the growth rate of product sales profit and total profit was more than 30%, and the industry was in good operation

as an important crane manufacturing place in the world, China also exports a large number of crane equipment every year

according to the data of China Customs, in 2011, the total import and export volume of China's crane manufacturing industry was 2.38 billion US dollars, an increase of 23.99% year-on-year; Among them, the export volume was $1.769 billion, an increase of 24.65% year-on-year; The trade surplus reached US $1.159 billion, an increase of 26.01% over the previous year

in recent years, driven by the great development of domestic basic industry and infrastructure, energy, real estate, petrochemical industry, warehousing and logistics, shipbuilding industry, metallurgy industry, machining, aviation industry and container industry have developed rapidly, driving the rapid development of China's crane manufacturing industry, and a number of excellent crane manufacturing enterprises have emerged, such as Sany, Zoomlion, XCMG, Zhenhua heavy industry, Dalian heavy industry, Taiyuan Heavy Industry, etc

according to the analysis data of the data monitoring center of the prospective industry research institute, in 2011, there were seven crane manufacturing enterprises in China with an annual output value of more than 10billion, including Sany Heavy Industry, Zoomlion Heavy Industry, Xuzhou heavy industry, Shanghai Zhenhua heavy industry, Dalian heavy industry, Taiyuan Heavy Industry and Shenyang Sanyo Construction Machinery Co., Ltd. the total industrial output value of these seven enterprises was as high as 186.571 billion yuan

the world crane market is further towards integration, and the crane market in some developed countries in Europe and the United States has become saturated. Foreign giants continue to enter China and seize the Chinese market with their technological advantages. China has also become a must for many foreign construction machinery enterprises. However, at the same time, China's local lifting machinery enterprises are still eye-catching, and Sany Heavy Industry, XCMG group and Zoomlion have basically formed a "three pillars" competition pattern

Zhang xuanlan, a crane industry researcher at the prospective industry research institute, pointed out that with China's increased support for the equipment manufacturing industry, China's crane manufacturing industry is expected to maintain rapid development. It is expected that the sales revenue and total profit of China's crane manufacturing industry will continue to grow in 2012, but the growth rate will slow down

Zhang xuanlan believes that with the gradual maturity and development of China's equipment leasing industry, financial leasing will become a strong driving force for the future growth of the crane industry

the gap still exists

China's crane manufacturing industry has developed gradually from scratch. During the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, the domestic crane manufacturing industry has made considerable progress. Some products of some large and medium-sized backbone enterprises have reached the international advanced or even leading level, but there is still a certain gap with the foreign advanced level on the whole

compared with the international advanced level, domestic enterprises still have a certain gap in the product development of large-scale equipment and the global electrolyte sales volume of 117000 tons, the system integration capacity, the variety, specification and performance of general-purpose equipment, the reliability of product parts, components and machines, the appearance and coating of products, man-machine relations and environmental protection elements

at present, the gap between China's crane products and foreign advanced levels is mainly reflected in industrial scale, core technology, management, talent reserve, etc

in terms of industrial scale, compared with large foreign enterprises, domestic crane enterprises still have a large gap in scale, and the scale is relatively small, which restricts the technological innovation, marketing, service network construction and other aspects of enterprises in the context of internationalization. However, in recent years, China's crane industry has achieved a "blowout" development. The scale of the crane industry and enterprise scale are getting closer and closer to the requirements of international operation

in terms of core technology, the technical level of cranes in China is relatively backward, the equipment performance can not meet the processing requirements, the control means are incomplete, and the function of the quality assurance system can not be effectively played, which is highlighted in that the flatness, roughness and perpendicularity of the parts can not meet the design requirements, and the quality of domestic accessories is not good

take hydraulic products as an example. Although China's hydraulic industry has made great progress, there is still a big gap compared with the world's advanced level, mainly reflected in product varieties, performance and reliability. The variety of hydraulic products is only 1/3 of that of foreign countries, and the service life is 1/2 of that of foreign countries. In order to meet the needs of key main engines, imported main engines and major technical equipment, a large number of hydraulic products are imported every year

the lack of experience in management, especially in the internationalization of management, has become a relatively difficult aspect to break through in the internationalization process of China's crane enterprises. From the management concept of the enterprise to the corporate culture, from the basic management system to the thinking ability, every change can not be realized overnight

as an industry with high scientific and technological content, talent competition is an important support for the nationalization of China's crane industry. At present, the lack of talent reserve has become an important obstacle for China's crane industry to better participate in international market competition. Therefore, relevant enterprises should strengthen the training and introduction of talents who understand the international market background and needs, and create an excellent A talent team with international operation ability can lay a good foundation for the international development of enterprises

Zhang xuanlan, a crane industry researcher at the forward looking Industry Research Institute, pointed out that in the future, the global crane industry will move towards the direction of large-scale, high-speed, durability and specialization of key products, modularization, combination, standardization and practicality of series products, and general @10. After the cylinder is returned, take down the test piece. This test completes the development of product miniaturization, lightness, simplification and diversification. Therefore, Chinese crane enterprises should increase R & D investment, pay attention to the training and introduction of talents, effectively enhance the core competitiveness of the industry, and actively participate in international market competition

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